MY AMISH AND PERSONAL LINKS FOR RESEARCH

Amish research on Angelfire (mine)
The start of Amish research and personal experiences
More Amish research (mine)
Continuation of research with book notations
Continuation of Amish research (mine)
Book and personal research continued
The Amish of Lancaster PA (mine)
research and personal information on Old Order Amish
Bea's Home Pages
The start of my tripod pages and links
Lehman's home page
A catalog of nonelectric items for Amish and others
The Amish of Ohio (my research)
Information on the Amish of Ohio
Amish Medical Information (my research)
What the Amish do for doctors, hospitals, birthing, etc.
The Amish Buggy Site
A wonderful site good for researchers interested in learning about Amish Buggies. Links to other good sites.
Amish Fun Page
A page of Amish jokes and Dutchified English. Get a Feel for how a real Pennyslvania Dutch might talk.
MENNONITE DISASTER RELIEF
How the disaster relief organization of the Mennonites and Amish works and how you can help.

Bea Sheftel

bts1ct@aol.com
CT
United States

What to learn more about the Amish? Send for my book

AMISH, THE PLAIN PEOPLE. (View from the outside)
$5.00 with $1/50 p/h
It will answer many of your questions on the Amish and give you
resource information.


My Amish research page has had visitors. Contact me to order my complete book on the AMISH.

The Amish of Lancaster, PA

Please check my Amish links for other research pages with more details on various customs of the Amish of Lancaster, PA.

Resources:

AMISH WOMEN

LOVES AND STORIES
Louise Stoltzfus
Good Books
Intercourse, PA 17534

ISBN# 1-56148-229-5

Egg Noodle Recipe
This is an easy, old fashioned recipe which makes good noodles for
noodle pie or for soup. This is not a pasta noodle but an egg
noodle.
It can also be served as a side dish. My favorite is
topped with butter and served as a side dish with chicken or beef. And the name fits it. Buttered Noodles.

It is very popular in Lancaster, PA and many restaurants have also
started serving it.

Bea

Egg Noodles This is your basic old fashioned recipe for egg
noodles. Try making them next time you prepare your favorite soup
or stew. Don't forget that fresh pasta cooks much quicker than dried!
You may use a dough hook attachment on your electric mixer or your hands
to make the pasta dough.

  Ingredients:
2 to 3 cups all-purpose flour
1 dash salt
2 eggs, beaten
1/2 cup milk
1 tablespoon butter

    Directions:
  1 In a large bowl, stir together the flour and salt. Add the beaten
egg, milk, and butter. Knead dough until smooth, about 5 minutes. Let
rest in a covered bowl for 10 minutes.
  2 On a floured surface, roll out to 1/8 or 1/4 inch thickness.
Cut into desired lengths and shapes.
  3 Allow to air dry before cooking.
  4 To cook fresh pasta, in a large pot with boiling salted water cook
until soft enough to eat but not mushy.
Makes 6 to 8 servings
My favorite is covered with butter and served as a side dish with chicken or beef.

The author originally was Amish. She wrote this book from her
experience and observations of the experience of other women.

Amish women, men and children wear a distinctive clothing which
sets them aside as members of the "Plain People" or Old Order Amish.

Some Amish-Mennonites also wear similar clothing but have more
relaxed rules in other areas of their lives.


Not all Amish are alike depite their appearance.
Some women are strong, some women are not.
The Amish suffer like the rest of us with the effects of aging, disease,
and even mental depression. They eat mainly the food they grow,
but they still have skinny people, fat people and everything in between.

BACKGROUND

The Amish came originally from Europe where they had been persecuted
for their faith. They believed in adult baptism and this went against
the prevalent beliefs of infant baptism. So they came to America.
The first settlements were in Pennsylvania and Lancaster remains the
largest area of Amish in the country with Ohio a close second.



PUBLIC SCHOOLS

FOR A LONG TIME THE AMISH went to public schools. Things changed back
in the 1950's when school districts were consolidated and Amish
children would be bused away from home.

The original schools were one-room public schools with walking
distance of their homes. With the consolidation movement children
were taken away in huge yellow buses and brought to imposing buildings.
The children were lost in the crowd and suffered at the hands of others
who thought their manner of speech and dress stranger.
The parents also felt out of place. The Amish communities
did not feel it was safe to send their children to such a place.

They feared the children would learn worldly values. This belief is
not just for the Amish. I was raised a catholic. I attended P.S.
34 in my neighborhood for elementary school, but when it came to high school
my parents didn't want me to go to the public school. They feared the
influence of others who were not brought up as strictly as I was.
So I was sent to Parochial school, so were my brother and sister.

Some Old Order Amish men wound up in jail for defying the law and not sending
their children to the public schools. After a long battle of wills,
the Amish parochial schools were set up. These are one
room schools within walking distance of their homes. The children go to
the school until grade 8, and then continue on with high school
studies in their homes until age 16.

Amish families won the right to educate their own children in 1972.
The U.S.Supreme Court decision--Wisconsin v Yoder--decreed that Amish
children would no longer be forced to attend large consolidated school systems.

The compromise was the best thing for the Amish so that they remained in
control of their children's education.


By the middle of the decade, there were 79 one-room Amsih schools operating
in Lancaster Country, Pennsylvania. These were built, funded, and
staffed by the local, geographical church districts.

The schools teach the basics, reading, writing, math but also once a
week there is a required German class. School distrcts vary in the amount
of freedom they give to the teacher. Some are conservative and strict
and others are more progressive.

AMISH SETTLEMENTS IN THE US AND CANADA

I do not know the exact locations of settlements of Amish in other states. However, I am providing information here from my research.

My personal experience is with the Amish of Lancaster County,
Pennsylvania. There are many other settlements across the United States
and even in Canada.

Resource: The Amish Struggle with Modernity

edited by Donald B. Kraybill and Marc A. Olshan

University Press of New England


p 251

AMISH SETTLEMENTS AND CONGREGATIONS

The number next to the state is the number of settlements.

OHIO 33, Pennsylvania 44, Indiana 16, Wisconsin 27, Michigan 23, Missouri 15, New York 15,

Iowa 7, Illinois 3, Kentucky 12, Minnesota 5, Maryland 2, Tennessee 3, Kansas 3, Oklahoma 2,Texas 3, Montana 2, Florida 1, Georgi 1a, North Carolina 1, Virginia 1 and Ontario, Canada 1.

Lancaster County PA has 103 settlements and is the largest.

I now have a source for the actual names of the counties where the Amish are in different states. If you need me to look this up (It's too long to print here) remind me it is pages 252-259 in THE AMISH STRUGGLE WITH MODERNITY.

THE AMISH AND MENNONITES HELP OUT OTHERS IN TIMES OF DISASTER

Mennonite Central Committee (MCC), the inter-Mennonite relief agency, called the first wide-scale meeting of interested persons in 1955 in Chicago. There the representatives of regional groups adopted the proposal that a national coordination committee be established composed of one representative from each of the constituent groups. In 1961 a young attorney by the name of Wayne Clemens, was hired by the national committee as executive coordinator, and by 1962 MDS had become a section of MCC.

MDS currently involves more than 3,000 Mennonite, Amish and Brethren in Christ churches and districts which are divided into 50 units, 15 representative areas, and 5 regions (4 in the U.S. and 1 in Canada). At the 25th anniversary observance of MDS at Hesston, Kansas, speaker Elmer Ediger said, "It has been as spontaneous a movement as we have had. It has shown that ordinary people, if they are dedicated and put in a place of need, can do great things."

MDS wants only to remain an organization of the people for the people --to the glory of God. "The volunteer should be given first place," says John Diller, as the one who has watched the little movement expand into the extensive service organization MDS is today. "All others only help to keep the road maintained so that the volunteer can get out to the person who needs his assistance." - Adapted from Day of Disaster, Katie Funk Wiebe

In 1993 MDS was incorporated as a 501-C-3 non-profit organization separate from the Mennonite Central Committee, but working closely and with the same spirit as MCC. This was a year that saw an extraordinary amount of disaster activity, as work continued with the devastation of Hurricane Andrew and the Midwest Floods. Through the assistance and perseverance of the MDS network, the organization continued to grow and increase it's disaster response capabilities.

THE AMISH

Green Acres Farm in Lancaster, PA

Amish women, men and children wear a distinctive clothing which
sets them aside as members of the "Plain People" or Old Order Amish.

Some Amish-Mennonites also wear similar clothing but have more
relaxed rules in other areas of their lives.


Not all Amish are alike depite their appearance.
Some women are strong, some women are not.
The Amish suffer like the rest of us with the effects of aging, disease,
and even mental depression. They eat mainly the food they grow,
but they still have skinny people, fat people and everything in between.

BACKGROUND

The Amish came originally from Europe where they had been persecuted
for their faith. They believed in adult baptism and this went against
the prevalent beliefs of infant baptism. So they came to America.
The first settlements were in Pennsylvania and Lancaster remains the
largest area of Amish in the country with Ohio a close second.



PUBLIC SCHOOLS

FOR A LONG TIME THE AMISH went to public schools. Things changed back
in the 1950's when school districts were consolidated and Amish
children would be bused away from home.

The original schools were one-room public schools with walking
distance of their homes. With the consolidation movement children
were taken away in huge yellow buses and brought to imposing buildings.
The children were lost in the crowd and suffered at the hands of others
who thought their manner of speech and dress stranger.
The parents also felt out of place. The Amish communities
did not feel it was safe to send their children to such a place.

They feared the children would learn worldly values. This belief is
not just for the Amish. I was raised a catholic. I attended P.S.
34 in my neighborhood for elementary school, but when it came to high school
my parents didn't want me to go to the public school. They feared the
influence of others who were not brought up as strictly as I was.
So I was sent to Parochial school, so were my brother and sister.

Some Old Order Amish men wound up in jail for defying the law and not sending
their children to the public schools. After a long battle of wills,
the Amish parochial schools were set up. These are one
room schools within walking distance of their homes. The children go to
the school until grade 8, and then continue on with high school
studies in their homes until age 16.

Amish families won the right to educate their own children in 1972.
The U.S.Supreme Court decision--Wisconsin v Yoder--decreed that Amish
children would no longer be forced to attend large consolidated school systems.

The compromise was the best thing for the Amish so that they remained in
control of their children's education.


By the middle of the decade, there were 79 one-room Amsih schools operating
in Lancaster Country, Pennsylvania. These were built, funded, and
staffed by the local, geographical church districts.

The schools teach the basics, reading, writing, math but also once a
week there is a required German class. School distrcts vary in the amount
of freedom they give to the teacher. Some are conservative and strict
and others are more progressive.

AMISH SETTLEMENTS IN THE US AND CANADA

I do not know the exact locations of settlements of Amish in other states. However, I am providing information here from my research.

My personal experience is with the Amish of Lancaster County,
Pennsylvania. There are many other settlements across the United States
and even in Canada.

Resource: The Amish Struggle with Modernity

edited by Donald B. Kraybill and Marc A. Olshan

University Press of New England


p 251

AMISH SETTLEMENTS AND CONGREGATIONS

The number next to the state is the number of settlements.

OHIO 33, Pennsylvania 44, Indiana 16, Wisconsin 27, Michigan 23, Missouri 15, New York 15,

Iowa 7, Illinois 3, Kentucky 12, Minnesota 5, Maryland 2, Tennessee 3, Kansas 3, Oklahoma 2,Texas 3, Montana 2, Florida 1, Georgi 1a, North Carolina 1, Virginia 1 and Ontario, Canada 1.

Lancaster County PA has 103 settlements and is the largest.

I now have a source for the actual names of the counties where the Amish are in different states. If you need me to look this up (It's too long to print here) remind me it is pages 252-259 in THE AMISH STRUGGLE WITH MODERNITY.

Teachers in Amish schools teach eight grades in one room. The Amish teacher is an unmarried woman from the church community.
She will meet with and work with the parents a week before school starts
when they come to prepare the school for the students. This helps
to lay a good foundation for home-school relations. The teacher
will also learn what the parents expect of her.

The pupils stand by age in class so the teacher can learn their names. The
first day the children come back to school is exciting. they are eager to begin
a new term. The teacher will give them assigned seats.

There are twenty to thirty children in one school.
The day starts with a period of devotions, usually a scripture reading.
Afterwards they all say the Lord's Prayer.

Next the children will stand and sing a few songs.
The boys and girls are no necessarily separated.
It is up to the teacher.
Two to three songs are sung and are selected by the children.
These may be from FAVORITE SONGS, SELECTED SONGS, or other song books.
Two mornings a week German songs are sung from the hymn book.
This is the UMPARTHEYISCHES GESANG-BUCH.

Then the lessons are assigned. Arithmetic is first.
Then there is English or spelling.
Classes are taught in English.

The school are owned and supervised by the families and the church.
Parents are involved in how the school is run.
They repair and clean the schoolhouse.
Mothers and fathers each take on a responsibility for helping.
They take turns bringing firewood to the school.
Coal is used during the coldest months.

Parents help in many ways including opening their homes for special events.
This might be a school sing to which all the parents and children come.
This would be held in the evening after dinner.
English and German songs are sung.
Afterwards there are refreshments. Cookies, popcorn, pretzels, and lemonade are favorites.
Families might surprise the children with a hot meal at lunch at their home.
The children walk in pair to the host home, or they might ride a wagon.
The host parent will set out a delicious hot meal.
Then there is play time and back to school.
Sometimes parents bring hot meals to the school.
They might treat the children to homemade icecream or other treats.
There are Christmas programs to which the parents are expected.
A picnic ends the school year in time for spring planting.
This would be held at a local farm.
The mothers plan the meal together.

In the wintertime the teacher arrives early to school to start the fire.
Children bring their lunch to school.
They may have a sandwich or left overs from the night meal.
Meals can be heated on the stove.

The teacher puts the assignments on the blackboard.
School starts at 8:30 a.m. when the school bell is rung.
There is a bathroom recess at 10 a.m.
Eleven-thirty is lunchtime. The children wash their hands.
They say a prayer together and then eat at their desks.
The children help clean up and then they may play until 12:30.
Story time is after lunch. She reads to the children.
Afternoon lessons are geography, history, health.
There is another recess at 2p.m.

Textbooks are older books once used in public schools.
The Amish bought reprint rights to many of the books.
They print them in their own print shops using hand equipments.
The Old Order Amish Publishing House Pathway Publishers has its own line of books.
Books are restricted to those which are morally wholesome.
Religion is not taught in school.
Favorite books are HEIDI, LITTLE WOMEN, and
the books of Laura Ingalls Wilder.

Teachers have their own magazine to help them with ideas.
BLACKBOARD BULLETIN is published by Pathway.
Tourists are sometimes invited to visit the schools after the children have left.
Teachers are taught to be polite even when tourists stop during
school hours. Rudeness is not the Amish way. They discourage
photos of the children.

Questions?
Contact me at bts1ct@aol.com

MY BOOK: THE AMISH
available in 1999 (The title might change.)

A typical bedroom in an Amish home.